Researchers estimate that more than 30.3 million Americans are living with diabetes mellitus, a group of diseases characterized by high blood sugar. Left unmanaged, diabetes significantly increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart disease, kidney disease, and nerve damage. At Family Medicine Solutions in Longwood, Florida, family medicine physician Sultan Rahaman, MD, specializes in preventive and holistic treatments for diabetes. Request your consultation today by calling the office or clicking the online booking tool.
Diabetes is a term used to describe a group of diseases that affect how your body uses and processes blood glucose. Glucose is an important energy source for the cells that compose the tissues and muscles throughout your body. It’s also your brain’s primary source of fuel. However, too much blood glucose can lead to serious health problems.
There are several different types of diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes are chronic conditions that require lifestyle changes and treatment with prescription medications. Prediabetes and gestational diabetes are sometimes reversible. If you’re concerned about your risk of diabetes, don’t hesitate to make an appointment with Dr. Rahaman at Family Medicine Solutions.
The symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person and depend on the severity of the condition. In fact, many people with prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes don’t always realize they have it. That said, telltale signs of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes include:
As diabetes progresses, you can develop slow-healing wounds and experience infections more frequently, including rashes and gum disease.
Diabetes affects people of all ages, sexes, and races. However, certain factors can increase your risk of developing high blood sugar, including:
Certain health conditions also increase your risk of diabetes. For example, you’re more likely to develop diabetes if you’ve been diagnosed with high blood pressure or high cholesterol. You’re also more likely to develop diabetes if you’re taking corticosteroids (such as prednisone) for other medical conditions.
To diagnose diabetes, Dr. Rahaman reviews your medical history, does a physical exam, and asks you questions about your symptoms.
If you’re older than age 45 and have a body mass index that’s higher than 25, he might also recommend a glycated hemoglobin (A1c) test. This type of blood test, which doesn’t require fasting, measures your average blood sugar levels for the past 2-3 months.
The higher your blood sugar levels, the higher your hemoglobin A1c levels. Two consecutive tests with a percentage of 6.5% or higher indicate diabetes.
Whenever possible, Dr. Rahaman recommends conservative, holistic care to treat diabetes. For example, he might recommend healthy lifestyle changes like losing weight, eating a nutritious diet, and exercising more regularly.
If you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, Dr. Rahaman works with you to monitor and manage your blood sugar levels. Five classes of oral medications are used to treat diabetes mellitus Type 2, they include sulfonylureas, meglitinides, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. He also prescribes insulin therapy if required. Insulin is a hormone that regulates your blood sugar.
To learn more about treating diabetes, make an appointment at Family Medicine Solutions. Request your consultation today by calling the office or clicking the online booking tool.